The soccer referee stands in for a judge. Soccer’s Video Assistant Referee (“VAR”) system stands in for algorithms that augment human deciders. Fair play stands in for justice. They are combined and set in a polycentric system of governance, with implications for designing, administering, and assessing human-machine combinations.
Michael J. Madison,
Fair Play: Notes on the Algorithmic Soccer Referee,
Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law
Available at: https://scholarship.law.pitt.edu/fac_articles/299
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